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[This article belongs to Volume - 26, Issue - 01]

Colorectal Cancer Screening: Practice and Factors Associated -A Literature Review

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a serious public health issue that requires urgent attention. The incidence and mortality of CRC vary by geographic region. This literature review aims to demonstrate an understanding of the current guidelines for CRC screening and the factors associated with the uptake of CRC screening. Despite the fact that CRC screening guidelines are available on both international and national levels, with a variety of methods available for CRC screening, many factors can influence the practice of CRC screening. From access to healthcare to physician recommendations and trust in the provider, many factors can contribute to CRC screening, such as availability and cost, transportation to and from the screening site, embarrassment, family and friend support, fear of test results, knowledge of the disease, and knowledge about the screening tests. These factors can affect the practice of CRC screening either by enhancing or hindering it. Recognizing the factors associated with CRC screening practice is crucial because it is the first step in recognizing the obstacles facing the uptake of screening, which is an important step in preventing CRC or treating colorectal cancer patients early.