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[This article belongs to Volume - 26, Issue - 01]

Coping Strategies and its related-factors among Patients undergoing Hemodialysis

Hemodialysis patients use a variety of coping methods to deal with stressors; the coping mechanisms they employ are determined by their internal and external resources. The Jalowiec Coping Scale has been utilized in the majority of research to measure hemodialysis patients' coping techniques. Some studies defines coping outcomes as problem-oriented, addressing the source of the distress, and emotion-focused, addressing emotional pain. Coping strategies are divided into eight types (confronting, emotive, fatalistic, self-reliant, palliative, evasive, optimistic, and supportive coping). The main objective of the study is to assess coping strategies and their related factors among patients undergoing hemodialysis. A descriptive cross-sectional and correlational study design comprising 200 nurses, Data were collected through structured interviews using the questionnaire and subjected to thorough analysis employing both descriptive and inferential statistical methods. purposive sample technique. The instrument’s validity was ensured by expert consultation, and a pilot study established the reliability of the questionnaire. The study revealed that the hemodialysis patients indicated that 79.5% of the individuals adopted a moderate coping approach. This is evidenced by an average mean score of 139.1. These coping levels varied based on factors such as gender (p< 0.05), residence (p< 0.05), occupation (p< 0.05), and income (p< 0.05). Emotion-oriented, avoidance, and solitary thinking were the most commonly used strategies for coping in our patients. The type of stressor determined the coping method. Notably, the decline in patient coping strategies is associated with various factors, including gender, residency status, occupation, and monthly income. The type of stressor determined the coping strategies. Furthermore, future research should focus on identifying the risk factors that cause HD patients to differ in the level of stress they experience and the coping techniques they employ.