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[This article belongs to Volume - 26, Issue - 03]

Demographics and Clinical Characteristics of Chronic Kidney Disease Patients in Saudi Arabia

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health challenge that contributes to substantial patients’ mobility, mortality, and decreased quality of life. Data on pre-dialysis CKD population in Saudi Arabia is limited. To describe the demographics, comorbidities, and different clinical characteristics of CKD patients in Saudi Arabia. This was an observational, cross-sectional study, including patients with pre-dialysis CKD who were following in outpatient nephrology clinics. Data were obtained from medical records and were analyzed and described using Microsoft excel analytic functions. A total of 350 patients with pre-dialysis CKD were included in the present analysis. The mean age of the study population was 66.1± 16.6, and 56% were male. Diabetes was the most common cause of CKD (66.5%), followed by hypertension (14.5%). Obesity was common with 45% of the patients having BMI above 30 kg/m2. Among patients with stage 5 CKD, only 13% had an established dialysis vascular access. Anemia management was suboptimal, with 39% of patients having hemoglobin levels below 10 g/dL. The rate of proton pump inhibitors (PPI) use was as high as 42%. Large scale efforts and initiatives are needed to optimize the management of CKD patients in Saudi Arabia. Obesity, hypertension, anemia, underutilization of SGLT2 inhibitors, poor access planning, and the high rate of PPI use have been identified in this study as factors that require further management and interventions to slow the progression of CKD and reduce its related morbidity.