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[This article belongs to Volume - 26, Issue - 01]

Effect of High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) on Memory Function in terms of Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) Expression

Memory is an important part of cognitive function in humans. Impaired memory function can affect all aspects of a person's life. Memory can be affected by growth factors, one of which is Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF). BDNF is a protein produced by neurons that plays an important role in improving memory function. According to research, BDNF can be stimulated through physical exercise. Many people already know and realize that physical exercise has good benefits for health, but time constraints make it difficult for people to carry it out. This time constraint is a problem for the entire population in the world. Therefore, scientists are trying to find ways to overcome this problem by conducting research on physical exercises that can be done in a relatively short time but have the same or better impact than physical exercises that last longer. High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) is a type of physical exercise characterized by relatively short high-intensity physical activity (≤ 30 minutes), which begins with a warm-up process, interspersed with breaks in the form of low-intensity recovery exercises and ends with a recovery process. Based on these characteristics, researchers consider that HIIT is the most likely type of physical exercise choice to overcome these problems.