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[This article belongs to Volume - 26, Issue - 03]

Health Care Providers’ Practice about Children with Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in children and adolescent represents a severe, acute complication of diabetes characterized by hyperglycemia, ketoacidosis, and ketonuria, with potential fatal outcomes. Type 1 diabetes patients are particularly predisposed to DKA development. This study endeavors to assess Health care provider' practices concerning pediatric DKA within Babylon Hospital for Maternal and Child. Employing a descriptive cross-sectional design, the research scrutinized Health care provider' practices related to diabetic ketoacidosis from August 1, 2023, to March 1, 2024. The study utilized a questionnaire comprising two sections: the first to gather sociodemographic data of Health care provider, and the second an observational checklist evaluating Health care provider' DKA management. Convenient sampling was employed, involving 100 Health care provider working at Babylon Hospital for Maternity and Child in Babylon province. Data analysis encompassed descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings revealed that 72% of participants were aged between 20-29 years, with females constituting 56% of the sample. Additionally, 80% hailed from urban areas, and 52% held a Diploma in Nursing. Concerning employment, 44% were full-time employees, while 92% possessed 1-5 years of unit experience. The study concludes that less than half (48%) of Health care provider exhibited poor practices regarding DKA management. It also highlights the significant influence of work environment, prior departmental experience, and educational background on Health care provider' practices.