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[This article belongs to Volume - 26, Issue - 02]

Prevalence of Suicidal Ideation among Adolescents and Associated Sociodemographic Factors

Adolescent suicidal ideation is a serious public health issue that could have fatal results. The purpose of this study was to determine how common suicidal thoughts are among teenagers and to look at the sociodemographic variables that are linked to them. In order to address the problem and lessen the burden of suicidal ideation among teenagers, it is essential to comprehend these aspects and design tailored interventions and support networks. To investigate the prevalence of suicidal ideation among adolescents and explore associated sociodemographic factors. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted and a stratified random sample of (385) students from (12) secondary schools was selected randomly from (56) secondary schools in Al Nasiriya city center during the period from 15th October to 1st September. Data was collected by a direct interview with each student participant in the study using a questionnaire that was prepared and adopted, which provided the study's data. The study instrument consists of two parts, the first was related to socio-demographic data such as age, gender, grade level ..., etc, the second consisted of (16) items of suicidal ideation scale (SIQ). Descriptive and inferential statistical data analysis approaches were applied in order to analyze the data of the present study through using (spss-ver.26). According to the demographic data of the study sample, study results illustrate that most of the study participants were (16 and 17) years old, more than half were female, most of them lived in a nuclear family, and more than half lived in a family with (7-10) members, about the prevalence of suicidal ideation the results indicate that (15.1%) of the participants had high level, (31.7%) of them had moderate level, and (53.2%) had low level, and there was a relationship between suicidal ideation with the age (r=0.194, p=0.000), gender (r=0.130, p=0.010), grade level (r=0.218, p=0.000), family members (r=0.176, p=0.001), and monthly income (r=-0.2017, p=0.000) of study participants at p-value ≤ 0.05. Study conclude that the prevalence of suicidal ideation was low among adolescents, and there was a positive correlation between suicidal ideation among adolescents and their age, female gender, higher grade level, and family members, while there was an inverse correlation between suicidal ideation and adolescents monthly income. Researchers emphasize the importance of multidisciplinary collaboration between mental health professionals, educators, community organizations, and policymakers. By working together, these stakeholders can develop comprehensive strategies to prevent suicidal ideation among adolescents.