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[This article belongs to Volume - 26, Issue - 03]

The Spectrum of Dermatological Diseases Reported in a Tertiary Care Setting in Ajman, UAE

Dermatological conditions are a major health problem and one of the important causes of medical service utilization. It is important to determine the clinical-epidemiological factors influencing the development of dermatological conditions. This study aimed to determine the clinic-epidemiological characteristics of patients with skin diseases in a tertiary care center in Ajman, UAE. A record-based study among 2091 cases presented in the outpatient department from 2020 to 2021 was recorded using a proforma and duplication was eliminated. SPSS 28 was used for the statistical analysis. A chi-square test was performed to find the association between variables, and a p-value ≤0.05 was considered statistically significant. Among the total number of participants in this study (N=2091), 1084 (51.8%) were females and 1007 (48.2%) were males. Out of the total, 847 (40.5%) participants visited the hospital in the summer, 512 (24.5%) in the winter, and the rest in the spring and autumn. According to age, the majority (53.1%) were older than 30 years of age. The most diagnosed conditions were dermatitis (49.4%), followed by other skin infections. A majority of the study participants were diagnosed during the summer season (40.5%), were females, (51.8%), and belonged to the > 30 years’ age category (53.1%). Dermatitis, papulosquamous disorders, acne, tumors, and others were seen to have a significant seasonal variation. Papulosquamous disorders, infestations, acne, sexually transmitted disorders, other skin infections, and others showed a significant association with gender. Dermatitis, papulosquamous disorder, acne, hair disorder, tumors, other skin infections, and others were seen to have a significant association with age. This research demonstrates the significance of seasonal variations in developing dermatological conditions. This can help skin care providers advise their patients to apply prevention strategies to avoid the occurrence and recurrence of dermatological conditions.