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[This article belongs to Volume - 26, Issue - 03]

Voluntary Blood Donation: Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Adults in Ajman, United Arab Emirates

The demand for blood in healthcare facilities will only continue to increase with the development of more advanced surgeries, an increase in trauma patients, and an increase in the global population. Therefore, it is important to investigate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of blood donation to find the areas where more attentiveness is needed to increase the practice of voluntary blood donations. This study assessed the level of knowledge, attitude and practice regarding voluntary blood donation among adults in Ajman, UAE, and the most common sources of information regarding voluntary blood donation. This research also looked into the predictors of good knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding voluntary blood donation. A cross-sectional study among 394 adults in Ajman, United Arab Emirates was conducted after informed consent from the participants. Content-validated self-administered questionnaires were used and the questionnaire contained five domains which were knowledge of blood donation, attitude towards blood donation, practice of blood donation, reasons for not donating blood, and sources of information. This research was approved by the Medical University in Ajman UAE Ref. no. IRB/COM/STD/27/Nov-2021 dated 25th November 2021. Analyzed using SPSS version 27. Descriptive statistics was used to explain the socio-demographic characteristics, the Chi-square test was used to determine whether the distribution of observed frequencies differs from the theoretically expected frequencies, and the Logistic analysis assessed predictors. Statistical significance was set at p-value less than or equal to 0.05. Among the respondents, 332 (84%) had a good level of knowledge and 361 (91.6%) respondents possessed a good level of attitude towards blood donations. Out of the 394 respondents, only 93 (24%) respondents have donated blood. When the 301 respondents who have not donated were asked for reasons preventing them from donating blood the most common reason was “no one has asked me to donate” with 199 (59.8%) respondents answering so. The most common source of information was from health professionals as reported by 299 (76.3%). Age and practice of blood donation were statistically significant as those aged 41 years and older were the most likely to have donated blood. Level of knowledge was statistically associated with level of attitude. The study identified an overall good level of knowledge and attitude towards blood donation among the general public of Ajman. There was an association between level of knowledge and attitude levels, meaning increasing one will increase the other. In terms of practice, the study identified several facilitators and barriers to blood donations. This study encourages further studies on how to work with these facilitators and break the barriers. The study concludes that there is a critical need for training and culture-building activities and programs to increase people’s awareness and improve their attitudes towards blood donation.